查看 MySQL 表的大小

MySQL 刘宇帅 5年前 阅读量: 1307

information_schema

MySQL 自带一个数据库 information_schema ,这个数据库用于记录 MySQL 数据库的基本信息,比如数据库名,数据库的表,表栏的数据类型与访问权限等。

mysql> use information_schema;
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A

Database changed
mysql> show tables;
+---------------------------------------+
| Tables_in_information_schema          |
+---------------------------------------+
| CHARACTER_SETS                        |
| COLLATIONS                            |
| COLLATION_CHARACTER_SET_APPLICABILITY |
| COLUMNS                               |
| COLUMN_PRIVILEGES                     |
| ENGINES                               |
| EVENTS                                |
| FILES                                 |
| GLOBAL_STATUS                         |
| GLOBAL_VARIABLES                      |
| KEY_COLUMN_USAGE                      |
| OPTIMIZER_TRACE                       |
| PARAMETERS                            |
| PARTITIONS                            |
| PLUGINS                               |
| PROCESSLIST                           |
| PROFILING                             |
| REFERENTIAL_CONSTRAINTS               |
| ROUTINES                              |
| SCHEMATA                              |
| SCHEMA_PRIVILEGES                     |
| SESSION_STATUS                        |
| SESSION_VARIABLES                     |
| STATISTICS                            |
| TABLES                                |
| TABLESPACES                           |
| TABLE_CONSTRAINTS                     |
| TABLE_PRIVILEGES                      |
| TRIGGERS                              |
| USER_PRIVILEGES                       |
| VIEWS                                 |
| INNODB_LOCKS                          |
| INNODB_TRX                            |
| INNODB_SYS_DATAFILES                  |
| INNODB_FT_CONFIG                      |
| INNODB_SYS_VIRTUAL                    |
| INNODB_CMP                            |
| INNODB_FT_BEING_DELETED               |
| INNODB_CMP_RESET                      |
| INNODB_CMP_PER_INDEX                  |
| INNODB_CMPMEM_RESET                   |
| INNODB_FT_DELETED                     |
| INNODB_BUFFER_PAGE_LRU                |
| INNODB_LOCK_WAITS                     |
| INNODB_TEMP_TABLE_INFO                |
| INNODB_SYS_INDEXES                    |
| INNODB_SYS_TABLES                     |
| INNODB_SYS_FIELDS                     |
| INNODB_CMP_PER_INDEX_RESET            |
| INNODB_BUFFER_PAGE                    |
| INNODB_FT_DEFAULT_STOPWORD            |
| INNODB_FT_INDEX_TABLE                 |
| INNODB_FT_INDEX_CACHE                 |
| INNODB_SYS_TABLESPACES                |
| INNODB_METRICS                        |
| INNODB_SYS_FOREIGN_COLS               |
| INNODB_CMPMEM                         |
| INNODB_BUFFER_POOL_STATS              |
| INNODB_SYS_COLUMNS                    |
| INNODB_SYS_FOREIGN                    |
| INNODB_SYS_TABLESTATS                 |
+---------------------------------------+
61 rows in set (0.00 sec)

information_schema.TABLES

TABLES 表里记录的就是数据库中各个表的基础信息。

mysql> desc TABLES;
+-----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field           | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| TABLE_CATALOG   | varchar(512)        | NO   |     |         |       | 
| TABLE_SCHEMA    | varchar(64)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| TABLE_NAME      | varchar(64)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| TABLE_TYPE      | varchar(64)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| ENGINE          | varchar(64)         | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| VERSION         | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| ROW_FORMAT      | varchar(10)         | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| TABLE_ROWS      | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| AVG_ROW_LENGTH  | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| DATA_LENGTH     | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| MAX_DATA_LENGTH | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| INDEX_LENGTH    | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| DATA_FREE       | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| AUTO_INCREMENT  | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| CREATE_TIME     | datetime            | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| UPDATE_TIME     | datetime            | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| CHECK_TIME      | datetime            | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| TABLE_COLLATION | varchar(32)         | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| CHECKSUM        | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| CREATE_OPTIONS  | varchar(255)        | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| TABLE_COMMENT   | varchar(2048)       | NO   |     |         |       |
+-----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
21 rows in set (0.01 sec)

查看表大小

TABLES 字段 DATA_LENGTH 即是表数据大小,INDEX_LENGTH 是索引文件大小。我们这里计算表大小包含数据和索引。
计算数据库mars_forum中所有表大小:

mysql> SELECT TABLE_NAME,DATA_LENGTH+INDEX_LENGTH,TABLE_ROWS,concat(round((DATA_LENGTH+INDEX_LENGTH)/1024/1024,2), 'MB') as data FROM TABLES WHERE TABLE_SCHEMA='mars_forum';
+------------------+--------------------------+------------+--------+
| TABLE_NAME       | DATA_LENGTH+INDEX_LENGTH | TABLE_ROWS | data   |
+------------------+--------------------------+------------+--------+
| admin_menu       |                    16384 |          0 | 0.02MB |
| admin_menu_map   |                    16384 |          0 | 0.02MB |
| admin_user_info  |                    32768 |         31 | 0.03MB |
| admin_user_role  |                    16384 |          3 | 0.02MB |
| site_friend_link |                    16384 |         11 | 0.02MB |
| site_set         |                    16384 |          1 | 0.02MB |
| user_auth        |                    16384 |          0 | 0.02MB |
| user_info        |                    16384 |          0 | 0.02MB |
| user_role        |                    16384 |          3 | 0.02MB |
+------------------+--------------------------+------------+--------+
9 rows in set (0.00 sec)

计算数据库mars_forum中表user_info的大小:

mysql> select concat(round(sum((DATA_LENGTH+INDEX_LENGTH)/1024/1024),2),'MB') as data from TABLES where table_schema='mars_forum' and table_name='user_info';
+--------+
| data   |
+--------+
| 0.02MB |
+--------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

提示

功能待开通!


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